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Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug

Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug is the equal member of the Russian Federation.

The Okrug is a historic motherland of the small in number native peoples Khanty and Mansi and the Okrug was named after these peoples.

The territory of the Autonomous Okrug comprises the territories of following cities of the okrug importance: Beloyarsky, Kogalym, Langepas, Megion, Nefteyugansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nyagan, Pokachy, Pit-Yakh, Raduzhny, Surgut, Urai, Khanty-Mansiysk, Yugorsk ; and the territories of Beloyarsky, Berezovsky, Kondinsky, Nefteyugansky, Nizhnevartovsky, Oktyabrsky, Sovetsky, Surgutsky, Khanty-Mansiysky districts.

There are 22 municipal unities in total.

Administrative Centre of the Okrug is Khanty-Mansiysk.

The population of the Okrug is 1401,9 ths people (for the 1-st of January, 2001).

The Okrug occupies the area of 534,8 ths sq. km.

The main historical dates of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug's formation:

1708 - In accordance with the Decree by Peter I the Siberian province was founded (It included towns of Berezov, Surgut);

1775 - In accordance with the Decree by Yekaterina II the Tobolskaya province was formed, which joined almost the whole Western Siberia;

1918 - The Tobolskaya province was renamed Tyumenskaya province and the centre was moved to the city of Tyumen;

1923 - Provinces , uyezds, volosts were abolished. The Uralskaya Region, Tobolsky Area and such districts as Berezovsky, Surgutsky, Samarovsky, Kondinsky were formed;

1930 - In accordance with the Decree of RCEC (Russian Central Executive Committee) the Ostyako-Vogulsky National Okrug with the centre in the Samarovo village (Khanty-Mansiysk) was formed;

1934 - In connection with the Uralskaya Region's breaking up into smaller units the Ob-Irtyshskaya Region with the centre in Tyumen was formed;

1934 - the Okrug became a part of the Omsk Region;

1944 - In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium Supreme Soviet of the USSR the Tyumen Region was formed, and the Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug was joined to it;

1977 - The Khanty-Mansiysk National Okrug received the status of the Autonomous Okrug;

1993 - The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug got a status of the equal member of the Russian Federation in accordance with Article 65 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

Symbols of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug are the emblem and flag of the Okrug.

The aboriginal small-in-number peoples of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Khanty and Mansi - are two related peoples. The words "khanty" and "mansi" are the names of these peoples. As official names they were accepted after 1917, but in old scientific literature and documents of the Tsar period the Khanty people were called as "Ostyaki" and the Mansi people were called as "Voguly" or "Vogulichi".

At present the Khanty and Mansi peoples live in the Khanty-Mansiysk and Yamalo-Nenetsky Autonomous Okrugs, some of them - in Tomsk, Sverdlovsk, Perm Regions. According to data of general census of the population of 1979 there are about 21 ths. of Khanty people and over 7,5 ths. of Mansi people.

The Khanty and Mansi were traditionally considered semi-settled hunters and fishermen. Besides, they were engaged in reindeer husbandry in the North and cattle farming in the South. Hunters and fishermen of each tribe had seasonal settlements and houses. There were many different types of houses, some of them were seasonal, prefabricated, other - permanent. There were different household buildings and cult structures.

At present the Okrug is the main oil and gas-bearing region of the Russian Federation. The largest oil and gas deposits in the Okrug are Samotlorskoe, Fedorovskoe, Mamontovskoe and Priobskoe.


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