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Murmanskaya Oblast

Murmanskaya Oblast Murmanskaya Oblast occupies the Kola Peninsula and adjoining areas of the continent. In the south it borders upon the Republic of Karelia, to the southwest and the west of it Finland is situated. Murmanskaya Oblast is washed by the Barents Sea and the White Sea. The main rivers here are Ponoy, Varzuga, Umba, Niva, Tuloma. There are a lot of lakes in oblast (Imandra, Umbozero, Lovoozero).

The total area of the oblast is 144,9 thousand. sq. km. Almost the most part of Murmanskaya Oblast lies within the Polar Circle and is situated in the two physiographic zones: the tundra and taiga. The relief is presented by mountains, hollows and terraces. Due to the Gulf Stream there is no permafrost regions. The warmest district is the southern coast of the White Sea.

The average temperatures of January vary from 8 degrees (in the north) to 13 degrees below zero (in the centre of the region), the average temperatures of July vary from +8 to +14 degrees centigrade. Murmanskaya Oblast is one of the richest in lakes and river regions of Russia. There are about 130 thousand rivers and lakes. Density of the river network is significant. Some rivers are 200 kilometers in length. The largest river of the peninsula is Ponoy (426 km).

Murmanskaya Oblast is a store of mining, copper-nickel, iron-ore, rare-metal and aluminium raw material. Stocks of nonmetal ores are also significant. They are vermiculite, phlogopite, muscovite, pegmatite, garnet, amazonite, fluorite and other minerals.

Murmanskaya Oblast was formed on May 28, 1938. The distance to Moscow is 1967 km. The centre of the region is the city of Murmansk founded in the year of 1916. The city consists of 3 districts: Leninsky, Oktyabrsky, Pervomaysky.

By the year of 2000 the population of Murmanskaya Oblast has reached 1001,2 thousand, including townspeople - 917,7 thousand inhabitants (91,7 %) and the rural population - 83,5 thousand people (8,3 %). The number of registered unemployed in 1999 made 23,3 thousand people (4,4 % of the efficient population).

The population consists of Russians (86 %), Ukrainians (7 %), Byelorussians (3 %), Tatars (1 %) and others. Indigenous population of the region is the Saams. They live in Lovoozersky, Kolsky districts and in Enskaya rural administration of Kovdorsky district.

There are a lot of museums in Murmanskaya Oblast. Among them are the Museum of History of Polar Olympiads, the Museum of Aircraft of the Northern Fleet, the Museum of History of Studying and Development of the European North, the Museum of History of the Kola Saams, the Museum of History of Kovdorsky district, etc.

Murmansk is the largest city of the world within the Polar Circle. Its population is 390 thousand people.

In Murmansk the unique nuclear icebreaking fleet is based. The city sent and met the famous icebreaker 'Arctica' that in 1977 for the first time reached the North Pole as a surface ship.

From the very beginning Murmansk was the city of seamen, fishermen, dockers and mechanicians.

In Murmanskaya Oblast there is the most northern monastery of Russia - the Trifonov Pechenegsky Monastery. In various periods of Russian history it was a symbol and a pride of the great power and its orthodox people. Nowadays the monastery is being restored.


Aginsky-Buryat AO I Altaisky Krai I Amurskaya Oblast I Arkhangelskaya Oblast I Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast I Bryanskaya Oblast I Chelyabinskaya Oblast I Chitinskaya Oblast I Chukotsky AO I Evenksky AO I Irkutskaya Oblast I Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast I Kaliningradskaya Oblast I Kaluzhskaya Oblast I Kamchatskaya Oblast I Kemerovskaya Oblast I Khabarovsky krai I Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug I Kirovskaya Oblast I Komi-Permyatsky AO I Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug I Kostromskaya Oblast I Krasnodarsky Krai I Krasnoyarsky Krai I Kurganskaya Oblast I Kurskaya Oblast I Leningradskaya Oblast I Lipetskaya Oblast I Magadanskaya Oblast I Moscovskaya Oblast I Murmanskaya Oblast I Nenetsky AO I Nizhegorodskaya Oblast I Novgorodskaya Oblast I Novosibirskaya Oblast I Omskaya Oblast I Orenburgskaya Oblast I Orlovskaya Oblast I Penzenskaya Oblast I Permskaya Oblast I Primorsky krai I Pskovskaya Oblast I Rostovskaya Oblast I Ryazanskaya Oblast I Sakhalinskaya Oblast I Samarskaya Oblast I Saratovskaya Oblast I Smolenskaya Oblast I Stavropolsky krai I Sverdlovskaya Oblast I Taimyrsky AO I Tambovskaya Oblast I The Adygea Republic I The Altai Republic I The Bashkortostan Republic I The Buryatia Republic I The Chechnya Republic I The Chuvash Rebublic I The Dagestan Republic I The Ingushetia Republic I The Kabardino-Balkaria I The Kalmykia Republic I The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic I The Karelia Republic I The Khakasia Republic I The Komi Republic I The Mari El Republic I The Mordovian Republic I The North Ossetia I The Sakha Republic (Yakutia) I The Tatarstan Republic I The Tyva Republic I The Udmurtia Republic I Tomskaya Oblast I Tulskaya Oblast I Tverskaya Oblast I Tyumenskaya Oblast I Ulyanovskaya Oblast I Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO I Vladimirskaya Oblast I Volgogradskaya Oblast I Vologodskaya Oblast I Voronezhskaya Oblast I Yamalo-Nenetsky AO I Yaroslavskaya Oblast I

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